ProfitProAG Farm Report
December 2016

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Crop Management News

Big Yields Start with Healthy Seedlings

by Dr. Jim Ladlie, ProfitProAG President

The key to consistently bigger yields and better grain quality starts with healthy soils and plants. To achieve this, biodiversity must be established in the soils and plant foliage with balanced soil mineral nutrition and enhanced soil organic matter levels (bioactive carbon).

Grain yield, quality and seed stability is only derived from increased levels of minerals and carbohydrate structures within the plants. Starting the seeds correctly right from germination and forward is crucial to achieve the end result of high quality seed production. Beneficial organisms that work with the plant throughout all the growth stages deliver the required vital and essential nutrients to produce high quality grains. The application of all the minerals, including both major nutrients (9 of them), as well as the trace elements (some 70 of them), is also essential and cannot be overlooked. The beneficial biology not only surrounds the plants with required minerals, but also protects the plants from soil pathogens. The trace elements provide the necessary minerals for the plant to adjust its chemistry for the production of high quality plant metabolites (nutrient rich compounds) and allow the plant a defense mechanism that alters its internal chemistry for disease prevention from both the soil and air.

High yield and quality grains are only possible with the correct aerobic biology in the root systems and the right broad spectrum (some 80) minerals used throughout the growing season. There are no exceptions! Plants given less will produce lower quality, unstable seeds/kernels, become highly diseased and are prone to increased insecticide and fungicide requirements that contain higher levels of poisons and mycotoxins.

Some of the tools and techniques used to achieve high yield and quality grains include crop rotation (corn, soybeans and a cereal crop in a three-year rotation), cover crops (used in corn/soybeans late summer application and following the cereal crop), biological seed coatings and natural organic ores for a base nutrient program with over 75 trace elements (soft rock phosphate, potassium sulfate and elemental sulfur).




Livestock & Manure Management News

Protect Your Investment Through Modern Microbiology

by Dr. Jim Ladlie, ProfitProAG PresidentandChris Chodur, ProfitProAGConsultant

A novel microbial technology, Manure Master PlusTM is a safe, non-evasive biological process designed to protect barn structures, pit side walls and concrete slatted floors from the corrosive effects of hydrogen sulfide generation that occurs in contained manure storage facilities. Corrosive hydrogen sulfide generation is due to the anaerobic conditions that exist within manure containment systems that result from a biological process termed the anaerobic sulfate pathway.

During manure storage, the sulfate-reducing bacteria, common in anaerobic environments, aid in the break down and degradation of organic manure compounds. These anaerobic fermentation bacteria convert energy from large organic molecules to smaller compounds such as organic acids and alcohols that are further oxidized by acetogens, methanogens and the competing sulfate-reducing bacteria. These anaerobic processes are responsible for the black color from metal sulfides as a result of the action of sulfate-reducing bacteria that also produce toxic hydrogen sulfide—a waste product of the sulfate-reducing bacteria.

The rotten egg odor in the barn confirms the presence of the sulfate-reducing bacteria and the toxic, corrosive hydrogen sulfide in the environment. The sulfate-reducing bacteria are responsible for the sulfurous odors and the resulting hydrogen sulfide that can cause considerable corrosion to slatted floors and building materials.

Hydrogen sulfide is also extremely toxic to livestock. In the past few months, numerous incidences have been reported of cattle succumbing to hydrogen sulfide. These losses can be financially devastating. When a person or animal smells hydrogen sulfide, it’s almost too late, therefore, prevention is the key. Manure Master Plus helps block the formation of hydrogen sulfide and consequently avert livestock death from this gas.

Problems Caused by Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria

The production of hydrogen sulfide by sulfate-reducing bacteria can result in significant problems in containment facilities when building materials, including concrete floors, are exposed to sulfate-containing water. The interaction of water and metal creates a layer of molecular hydrogen on the surface. The sulfate-reducing bacteria then oxidize the hydrogen that creates hydrogen sulfide reactions with moisture—a contribution to corrosion. These hydrogen sulfide, sulfate-reducing bacteria play a role in the biogenic sulfide corrosion of metal and concrete as well as contribute in the anaerobic oxidation of methane in pit and in manure deposits (build-up). Manure Master Plus’ microbial consortium technology mitigates these reactions.

Manure Master Plus helps:

   Stop Pit and Barn Corrosive Processes

   Reduce Pit-related Hydrogen Sulfide Generation and Odor

   Reduce Building and Slat Corrosion due to H2S

   Reduce Pit Surface and Bottom Solids

   Improve Pit Manure Consistency

   Reduce Ammonia

   Retain Nutrient Values During Storage

   Reduce Pump-out Time

   Achieve Consistent Manure and Manure Values

Manure Master Plus is effective in controlling hydrogen sulfide.

Hydrogen sulfide, the chemical compound H2S is a colorless gas with the characteristic of foul, rotten eggs. Heavier than air, it is very poisonous, corrosive, flammable and explosive. Hydrogen sulfide in manure pits is the result of bacteria breakdown of organic matter in the absence of oxygen. When this toxic gas comes in contact with water, the chemical reactions of hydrogen sulfide and water convert to acid, which is corrosive to surfaces.

As hydrogen sulfide gas is released from manure containment, it comes in contact with condensation, i.e., the moisture that forms on surfaces above the pit, slatted floors and barn surfaces due to the temperature variations from pit to air. The hydrogen sulfide then reacts with water (H2O) and is converted to corrosive sulfuric acid, H2S + H2O = H2SO4. This chemical reaction results in acidic corrosion to all surfaces and materials above the pit and within the barn.

The novel culture consortium of Manure Master Plus contains a series of select microorganisms that include purple sulfur, which has the capability to biologically reduce the production of H2S in pits and to control hydrogen sulfide’s corrosive microbial processes. These cultures reduce H2S production and control the corrosive effects of the resulting H2S.

Manure Master Plus contains purple and green sulfur bacteria as well as other sulfur oxidizing bacteria that utilize H2S produced by sulfate reducing bacteria as electron donors. These H2S consuming bacteria lower H2S concentration and prevent corrosion to surfaces. The novel cultures decrease H2S concentration in the pit and barn environment, which results in a reduction in upper pit and facility corrosion due to the bacteria’s ability to decrease sulfide concentration in animal containment facilities equipped with under building manure storage pits.

Manure Master Plus’ manure enhancement technology improves manure management in numerous ways:

   reductions in surface and bottom solids

   odor abatement with land-applied manure

   retained nutrients/enhanced soil and crop

The reduced cost of manure management, in combination with reduced hydrogen sulfide generation and corrosion reduction and control, adds significant value to the augmentation of contained manure.

Manure Master Plus protects your investment through modern microbiology.

Manure Master Plus provides manure enhancement in all pit designs and containment systems

   Deep Pits

   Pull Plug Pits

   Silo Storage


   Lagoon Series

This manure management technology is designed specifically for use in all types of manure storage systems. The biological treatment reduces manure management issues in pit, in barn, and on land application of both swine and dairy manure. It is easy to use, cost effective and cost-justified by achieving significant reduction of corrosion to slats and barn materials, reduced pump-out time, reduced or eliminated pit solids and retained manure nutrient values with controlled odor in barn and on application.

Manure Master Plus treated manure field benefits alone justify the cost of biological treatment through enhanced and restored soil biodiversity, and the conversion of manure and plant organic stubble and minerals to usable plant values for increased crop yield.



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